Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) is an integral part of Stop Diarrhoea Initiative (SDI). In WHO- Unicef 7 point plan for prevention and control of diarrhoea, under the prevention aspect, the emphasis is on:
- Promotion of hand washing with soap
- Improved water supply quantity and quality and community wide sanitation promotion.
The WASH components of SDI programme are designed in line with the Government of India’s national programmes such as the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) and National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP). We work on both the software as well as the hardware components of WASH
Trainings and BCC:
- In our programme, we are focusing on capacity building of locally available human resources so that their skills can be efficiently and effectively used in strengthening the water and sanitation condition in rural areas. We are continously training local hand pump mechanics and masons at the block level to strengthen the supply chain for sanitary wares and development of local skills. We are also working very closely with schools and School Management Comittees to foster sanitation in schools through hardware support and interactive Behaviour Change Communication activities with children.
- We are building the capacity of voluntary community work forces called ‘WASH Paraprofessionals”. They act as community resources to promote behaviour change and increase community awareness on water & sanitation. We are conducting training for the identified paraprofessionals on water quality testing, using field test kits to strengthen the ongoing Government initiative of water quality monitoring and surveillance. The plan is to advocate for formal induction of these paraprofessional as front line water workers in the ongoing National Rural Drinking Water Programme.
- We are engaging with the state and district level Government to ensure quality trainings of the frontline functionaries by providing structured modules, qualified resource persons and establish feedback and on-the-job supervisory support on diarrhoea prevention and treatment.
- We are engaging with the Government counterparts at State, District and Block level for training, advocacy and handholding in the area of WASH, and to be part of the on-going health workers (ASHA’s, ANMs) training and provide technical inputs to improve training quality.
- We are closely working with the WSSO at state and district levels to facilitate Water Quality Management, Operation and Management of the existing and new infrastructure, and development of water safety plans. We are conducting annual trainings for Government engineers on participatory approaches in improved services delivery, planning, operation and maintenance of water and sanitation facilities as well as water quality testing.
- We are conducting trainings of district and block level local Government officials to improve WASH service delivery in our target areas.
- We are conducting campaigns on hand washing with soap, in schools and also at community level through regular interventions and also by celebrating special event such as Global Hand Washing Day, World Toilet Day and World Water Day.
Under the SBM, the GoI has committed to achieve total sanitation coverage by 2019. This implies that the entire population will have access to improved sanitation facilities including our target population. However, this accelerated construction of household latrines will only takes place when demand is generated across communities in each state. Taking into consideration the Government’s plan, Save the Children has been carrying out following activities in order to generate demand at community level and demonstrate inclusive and innovate designs of toilets for replication through construction of model latrines
Construction and Repairs:
- Facilitating the construction of household latrines in the targeted areas through SBM in all six rural block locations. In addition, the capacity of the local artisans in the communities is also being enhanced via on the job training. Specially designed SBCC activities are also being disseminated which target at community mobilisation to ensure maximum sanitation coverage. .
- Construction of community latrines in targeted communities directly benefiting 6500 households until end of the programme. These latrines are being established in the project locations which have been identified jointly with the local Government and communities. Save the Children reviews the Government plans in the target areas and adjusts its plans on an annual basis on the construction of toilets in target locations to avoid duplication.
- Construction of child friendly school sanitary blocks for demonstration purpose for boys and girls of different ages in consultation with the children, teachers and School Management Committees (SMC). As stated above, Save the Children reviews the Government plans in the target areas for construction of toilets for schools to avoid duplication.
- Rehabilitation of school toilet blocks in urban and rural schools to ensure access to working toilets for children. Save the Children commits to regular monitoring of the rehabilitated toilets during the life of the programme in order to ensure sustainable maintenance of the rehabilitated toilets.
- Ensuring equitable access to sanitation facilities by supporting the construction of latrines for disabled community members at household and community level.
- Focusing on promoting community level sanitation solutions for improving sanitation access in the targeted urban slums. This is being done by rehabilitating community toilet complexes in the target locations.
- Construction of one community toilet complex in urban area (Delhi) to demonstrate inclusive design of community managed toilets and advocate to the Government for replication
- Raising awareness about the importance of using toilets, handwashing with soap at critical times and conducting hygiene education sessions in the targeted areas through the SBCC activities